Global History, Anthropology & Ethics of (Global) Health
Historical, anthropological and ethical perspectives are essential for understanding and guiding Global Health.
Global Health History
In cooperation with colleagues from Oxford, Basel, Bern and Shanghai, Bonn has developed into one of the German centers for the history of colonial, missionary and tropical medicine as well as health in development cooperation and humanitarian assistance.
- Past and Present Medical Pluralism in East Africa, funded by VolkswagenStiftung (2000-2004)
- German Catholicism and health in the German Empire, funded by DFG (2006-2010)
- From medical development aid to global health, funded by DFG (2013-2016)
- Prof. Iris Borowy, History of International Development, University of Shanghai/China
- Prof. Hubert Steinke, Medical History, University of Bern/Switzerland
For the social and cultural aspects of Global Health, now the area of the new professorship, medical anthropology has been developed at the Bonn Medical Faculty since the early 1990s. At Bonn Volker Roelcke founded the “AG Ethnomedizin” (Working Group Medical Anthropology) in 1992 by introducing joint seminars with relevant disciplines of the Philosophical Faculty, supervising the doctoral dissertation of Michael Knipper and initiating the habilitation of Walter Bruchhausen. Since then, internationally recognized expertise has been built particularly in the areas of spirituality/religion and health/medicine, “traditional medicine” in East Africa and intercultural health care ethics.
- AG Medical Anthropology of the German Society for Social and Cultural Anthropology (DGSKA)
- Prof. Dorothea Lüddeckens, Religious Studies, Zürich University
- Prof. Simon Peng-Keller, Spiritual Care, Zürich University
- Prof. David Simo, Faculté des Arts, Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université de Yaoundé 1
A new value basis that emphasizes human rights, equity and respect for sociocultural diversity distinguishes Global Health from its many predecessors. Thus, ethics are an indispensable part of Global Health and stood at the beginnings of this new area and era in Bonn, too.
Based on his postgraduate studies in Health Care Ethics (University of Glasgow under the supervision of Prof. Robin S. Downie), relevant areas of moral theology (Prof. Bernhard Fraling/Würzburg and Gerhard Höver/Bonn) and the ethical workshops for (future) physicians (initiated by Prof. Ludger Honnfelder/Bonn) that became a starting point for IWE and DRZE, Walter Bruchhausen started teaching in biomedical and clinical ethics at Bonn University in 1997. In cooperation with several partners, this led to a lasting institutionalization of ethics in Bonn such as:
- Clinical Ethics as an obligatory seminar in 4th or 5th year of medical education
- Ethics for final year medical students (“PJ-Ethik”)
- Biomedical Ethics in the course Biomolecular Medicine
- “AG Medizinethik am UKB”, later upgraded to the Clinical Ethics Committee (KEK)
The Ethics of (Global) Health is also investigated by Eva Kuhn, Mag.theol. She reflects on good and decent work for healthcare workers, digital and mental health ethics. Her approach is inspired by philosophical concepts such as the Care Ethics, vulnerability and epistemic (in)justice.
Section Global Health
Institute of Hygiene and Public Health